Objective: develop an Open Design Platform allowing worldwide communities to collaborate on the design and continuous improvement of open source products. Challenge: transfer well-established methods and tools of industrial product development in the radically new environment of open design. Resulting impact: the liberation of the tremendous innovation potential of the crowd.
Partners: TU Berlin (Chair of Industrial Information Technology, Chair of Quality Science), Grenoble University (G-SCOP, CERAG), Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Raidlight SAS, OpenIT Agency, P2PLab, Open Source Ecology. Funded by: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Agence nationale de la recherche.
Keywords: open (source) design, open source hardware, product data management.
The Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 1026 “Sustainable Manufacturing – shaping global value creation”, gathers an interdisciplinary team from 13 research departments of 5 of the faculties of the TU Berlin, and strives to address the challenges raised by sustainability to the manufacturing sector. 22 projects develop efficient ways to assess the sustainability of manufacturing activities, promising cleaner production processes and machine tool concepts, new qualification and decision making approaches and explore sustainable business models.
Link: Collaborative Research Center 1026 “Sustainable Manufacturing”.
Funded by: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.
The DIY Bicycle is an open source construction kit allowing assembling at home and in a few minutes every possible bicycle geometry. “At home” means: 1) it shall be assembled with commercially available parts 2) it shall be processed with commonly used tools (e.g. drilling, sawing) as well as 3D-printing 3) reversible processes (e.g. screwing) shall be preferred. The construction kit shall be made of: 1) aluminium profiles and reversible connection parts 2) standard bicycle parts 3) parts interfacing standard bicycle parts and aluminium profiles, preferably 3D-Printed.
Personal project, with the help of Collaborative Research Center 1026 “Sustainable Manufacturing”, Cycle en Transition, FAHRbar.
Keywords: bicycle, open design, open source product, modular design, distributed manufacturing, P2P production.
The structuration of a product, i.e. the distribution of product functions and components, has a great influence in all the phases of the product life cycle. As a consequence, the optimization of the product structure is a largely addressed topic. Product modular structure or product modularization is a highly cited approach. It is claimed to confer a large range of advantages, e.g. enabling for mass customization, allow environmentally friendly EoL strategies, reduce product development costs, allowing efficient work in loosely coupled organization.
Partners: Collaborative Research Center 1O26 "Sustainable Manufacturing". Funded by: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.
Keywords: product modularization, modularity, product modular structure, design decomposition, part integration.
The objective of this 6-month-long visit at the TU Braunschweig was to mix the product development view and the manufacturing view on energy consumption. This project was based on the observation that, on one hand, product design remains as an unrecognised influence on the energy consumption of a manufacturing system, and on the other hand, manufacturing energy efficiency is unrealistically estimated in the calculation of product embodied energy.
Status: closed (2011)
Partners: G-SCOP, Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigungstechnik (TU Braunschweig). Funded by: Grant of the Région Rhone-Alpes.
Keywords: energy efficiency; ecodesign; cleaner production; process chain simulation; life cycle assessment; product embodied energy.
Senscity was aimed at developing a wireless network infrastructure for the provision of services for a sustainable city. It addressed three major challenges:
- A technical challenge: the development and testing of a city-wide, open and standardized wireless network infrastructure;
- An economic challenge: allow the emergence of new services adapted to the needs of operators of urban services (e.g. waste collection, water management);
- An environmental challenge: studying the positive impact of wireless sensor networks on sustainable development of the city.
Status: closed (2010-2012)
Consortium: Orange Labs, G-SCOP, G2Elab, LIG, MIND, Alcion Environnement, Azimut Monitoring, BH Technologies, Coronis, DotVision, E-GEE, NumTech, WebDyn. Funded by: French Ministry of Industry.
Keywords: Service ecodesign, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Wireless sensor networks (WSN)
Synergico (SYNergie – enERGIe – COnception) was focussed on the development of energy efficient electrical and electronical products. It aimed at the development of a systematic approach helping development teams to steer the in-use energy performance of a product during its development process. The challenge was to find methodological ways to consider in-use energy consumtion as a manageable design criterion rather as an uncontrolled characteristic emerging from diffuse design decisions. This project brought practical means for industry to meet newly emerged energy efficiency standards (e.g. Energy Star and ecolabels) and regulations (e.g. EuP Directive).
Status: closed (2009-2011)
Consortium: G-SCOP, G2Elab, Neopost, SagemCom. Funded by ADEME.
Keywords: energy efficiency, design guideline, energy using products (EuP), Electric and Electronic equipment (EEE)